Black eye is a bruise that develops around the eye, usually as a result of a direct blow to the eye or sometimes with other facial injuries. As the skin around the eyes is delicate it is easily bruised. Swelling, tenderness, and bleeding under the skin usually develop shortly after the injury. Later, the eyelids and surrounding area turn bluish black, and gradually fade to purple and then yellow as the bruise heals. Mostly black eyes disappear within 10-15 days.
- Ice pack: Gently apply an ice pack or cold cloth to the black eye as soon as possible
to reduce swelling and bleeding under the skin for 5-10 minutes (without
applying direct pressure to the eye). Reapply up to 6-8 times a day for the
first 24-48 hrs after injury.
- Warm compress: Apply a warm compress after the swelling goes down which may help to
- Arnica gel: Apply arnica gel twice a day to the injured area twice a day. It stimulates the circulation, relieve pain and ease swelling. Do not apply arnica to cut or broken skin.
- Keep your head raised on pillows at night to reduce the swelling.
- Take adequate rest.
- Don’t blow your nose hard as it increases blood flow to the face and makes
swelling around the eye worse.
- Avoid contact sports until the eye has healed.
See doctor immediately if:
- Are not certain about the black eye cause or are concern anyway about the
condition of eye.
- Black eye is not healing after a few days, becomes hot and swollen or there
is a pus discharge.
- Have persistent pain or headaches.
- Have blurred or double vision or not able to see clearly.
- Eye or eyelid is injured.
- Have lost consciousness, even for a short time.
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