Breakages of small blood vessels underneath the skin form bruises. Blood leaks out of the damaged vessels, leaving red dots or bluish-purple marks that fade over time. Bruises may develop due to minor skin injury, from a hard blow to the body, heavy and rigorous exercise, or may be due to thinning of the skin in the elderly people; however, chronic bruising may indicate a problem with blood clotting. Nutritional supplements and herbs applied topically can speed up recovery time and help the bruises fade quickly.
- Black-and-blue mark following an injury or fall.
- The marks will begin to fade to a purplish black, reddish blue, or yellowish green.
- Pain, tenderness, and swelling in the affected area.
- The area may feel hot to the touch.
- Vinegar: Apply vinegar to the bruise using a cotton ball. This will speed up the healing process.
- Apple cider vinegar: Apply apple cider vinegar and cold water on the bruise.
- Elevate the injured area.
- Apply ice or a cold pack for 30 to 60 minutes at a time for a day or two
after the injury.
- A day after using ice packs, apply heating pads to the affected area, this
will dilate blood vessels and improve circulation.
- Eat leafy green vegetables and fresh fruit, especially pineapple.
- Avoid smoking and alcohol.
- Avoid dairy products, processed foods, sugar, sweet fruits, and white flour.
- Avoid activities that might increase swelling such as taking hot showers,
using hot tubs, or hot packs. During the first 48 hours, these things may
actually increase bruising and swelling.
- You have unusually large or painful bruises.
- Abnormal bleeding elsewhere, such as from nose or gums, or notice blood
in your eyes, stool or urine.
- You have no history of bruising, but suddenly experience bruises.
- Bruises accompanied by persistent pain or headache.
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