Burns occur when the skin is exposed to high heat, certain chemicals, or intense electric currents. Burns range from first degree (the least severe) to third degree (the most severe). A mild burn of first degree will only cause red skin and a mild pain. It takes about three to six days to heal. Second-degree burns may cause blister and are usually swollen and painful. Third-degree burns are severe burns which damage deeper layers of skin and sometimes the fat and nerves underneath, may look gray and charred. There may be little or no pain. They cause fluid loss and may lead to shock. Minor burns respond well to home treatment; however, severe burns require immediate medical care.
First degree burn:
- Burned skin become red and painful.
- Skin is hot and sensitive to touch.
- Sunburn is a classic example.
Second degree burn:
- Skin is red, blistered and painful.
- Skin appears wet or moist.
- Clothing may be stuck to the skin.
Third degree burn:
- Skin may appear stiff, waxy white, leathery or tan.
- Burns can destroy nerves, causing numbness.
- Difficulty breathing.
- Results in severe scarring.
- Most severe form of burn that affects structures well beyond the skin.
- Skin may appear blackened or charred.
Home Remedies for Burns
- Cool the burn: The very first thing you should do is to take immediate step to cool the burn. Hold the burned area under cold running water for at least 10 minutes. Once the burn has cooled, gently remove anything that constrict the area if it starts to swell, such as cloth, or watches. Don’t try to remove clothing or material that is stuck to burned skin.
- Aloe vera: Apply the gel from inside the leaf of aloe vera plant or use aloe vera cream on burn.
- Aloe vera, sandalwood and turmeric: Mix 1 tablespoon aloe vera with 1/4 teaspoon each of sandalwood and turmeric and apply the paste topically.
- Cilantro: Take fresh juice of cilantro by placing a handful of cilantro in the blender with about 1/3 cup of water. Strain it and take 2 teaspoons three times a day.
- Vitamin E: Once the wound starts healing, break a capsule of vitamin E and pour the liquid on it. This will reduce the chance of scarring.
Do’s for Burns
- Drink plenty of water.
- Increase your vitamin C intake.
- Consume a high protein and calorie diet to speed up the recovery.
Don’ts for Burns
- Do not apply any type of butter on a burn.
- Do not break blisters.
- Child has a burn.
- Burn is electrical or chemical burn.
- Unsure about the severity of the burn.
- A burn is near the mouth or throat, or on the face, or genitals.
- There is a signs of shock, breathing problems, or victim becomes unconscious.