Eczema, also called dermatitis, is an inflammation of the skin. Eczema causes patches of dry, reddened, intensely itchy skin, which usually appear on the face, hands, and scalp, and in the creases of the knees and elbows. Repeated scratching may leave the skin cracked and open to infection. Eczema is often linked to allergies
. It usually develops in infancy and disappears by the early teenage years, but adults may have relapses triggered by factors such as dust mites, and some foods.
- Patches of rough, flaky, red skin often appear on face, elbows, hands, knees and chest.
- Inflamed, itchy skin.
- Patches of dry, scaly skin.
- Small, raised bumps, which may leak fluid and crust over when scratched.
- Blisters or cracks which sometimes bleeds.
- Raw, sensitive skin from scratching.
- Disturbed sleep patterns.
- Nutmeg: Apply a nutmeg paste to affected area (rubbing nutmeg against a smooth stone slab with a little water will make a paste).
- Camphor and sandalwood: Add one tsp camphor to one tsp sandalwood paste and apply on the affected area.
- Oatmeal: Add oatmeal oil to the bath.
- Honey and cinnamon: Apply honey and cinnamon powder in equal parts on the affected parts to cure eczema.
- Bathe only once a day using warm not hot water, and don’t use perfumed
- Apply a moisturizer immediately after bathing.
- Control itching and scratching. Trim your nails or put on cotton gloves at
night to prevent scratching.
- Wear cotton-lined rubber or disposable gloves when using chemicals, such
as detergents and dyes.
- Avoid irritants and allergens that cause a rash or make a rash worse (such
as certain soaps, dust mites, or specific foods).
- Avoid dairy products, eggs, nuts, preservatives and citrus fruits which are
more likely to trigger eczema.
- Eczema is not improving with treatment after a week, or is red, weepy,
hot, or painful.
- Have fever with no other cause.
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