Eczema, also called dermatitis, is an inflammation of the skin. Eczema causes patches of dry, reddened, intensely itchy skin, which usually appear on the face, hands, and scalp, and in the creases of the knees and elbows. Repeated scratching may leave the skin cracked and open to infection. Eczema is often linked to allergies and asthma. It usually develops in infancy and disappears by the early teenage years, but adults may have relapses triggered by factors such as dust mites, and some foods.
- Patches of rough, flaky, red skin often appear on face, elbows, hands, knees and chest.
- Inflamed, itchy skin.
- Patches of dry, scaly skin.
- Small, raised bumps, which may leak fluid and crust over when scratched.
- Blisters or cracks which sometimes bleeds.
- Raw, sensitive skin from scratching.
- Disturbed sleep patterns.
Home Remedies for Eczema
- Nutmeg: Apply a nutmeg paste to affected area (rubbing nutmeg against a smooth stone slab with a little water will make a paste).
- Camphor and sandalwood: Add one tsp camphor to one tsp sandalwood paste and apply on the affected area.
- Oatmeal: Add oatmeal oil to the bath. Research have proven that colloidal oatmeal heals dry and itchy skin, reduce inflammation, and alleviate redness.
- Honey and cinnamon: Apply honey and cinnamon powder in equal parts on the affected parts to cure eczema.
Do’s for Eczema
- Bathe only once a day using warm not hot water, and don’t use perfumed bath products.
- Apply a moisturizer immediately after bathing.
- Control itching and scratching. Trim your nails or put on cotton gloves at night to prevent scratching.
- Wear cotton-lined rubber or disposable gloves when using chemicals, such as detergents and dyes.
Don’ts for Eczema
- Avoid irritants and allergens that cause a rash or make a rash worse (such as certain soaps, dust mites, or specific foods).
- Avoid dairy products, eggs, nuts, preservatives and citrus fruits which are more likely to trigger eczema.
- Eczema is not improving with treatment after a week, or is red, weepy, hot, or painful.
- Have fever with no other cause.